Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and one of the greatest military commanders in the world. He was the son of King Philip II and aimed to overthrow the vast Persian state, which had caused so much suffering in Greece. Uniting all the Greeks under his command, he campaigned in 334 against the Persians and – defeating them successively at Granikos, Issos and Gavgamilas – conquered all the countries of the East, reaching the Indus River, founding dozens of Greek cities and spreading throughout in the East the Greek language and Greek culture. He died very early, just 33 years old, leaving his vast state to his generals.
Information from the book by Aristides Kesopoulos “THE NAME OF THE ROADS OF THESSALONIKI”, MALLIARIS – PAIDEIA SA publications.